Two of the most important mechanisms for traded DM transactions to structure the counterparty and the purchase price adjustment deal are (i) the locking mechanism and (ii) the adjusted price on the final accounts. First, the buyer needs reliablely locked box date accounts to engage in a box locking mechanism. The buyer does not have the opportunity to test the balance sheet of the objective by means of a final balance sheet, as would be the case under a final balance sheet mechanism. Therefore, the buyer is looking for accounts that are not obsolete at the time of signing and wants them to have been independently verified or verified. Since it is not possible to adjust the purchase price, a savvy buyer should also: the lock box mechanism sets a value date (the date of the “lock box”). This is usually a relatively new date between the last closing date of the balance sheet and the date of the signing of the share purchase agreement (SPA). At the close, the purchaser and his accountants would generally establish a number of financial statement accounts used to calculate net assets with an adjustment of the pound for pound of the purchase price, as long as the actual net assets exceeded or were below the objective agreed upon by the parties prior to the signing. In the case of a traditional adjustment of the final balance sheet, the purchase price is paid as an estimate at the close. After closing, the purchase price is adjusted based on the difference between the amount used to determine the estimated purchase price (or other reference number) and the actual number calculated from a final balance sheet established on the reference date, after final report. In addition, profits or losses made by the target entity after the date of the security box are generally generated to the benefit or detriment of the buyer who, by paying a fixed price, supports all the risks and business revenues of the target entity after the date of the security box.
Traditionally, share purchase agreements under English law provided that the purchase price would vary depending on the net assets of the target at closing or, in some cases, by referring to another measure, such as working capital.