It is therefore not surprising that the agreement leaves many deep-rooted issues unresolved. Among them is China`s position on industrial subsidies. While the 15 December tariffs have been suspended, current tariffs are being maintained despite some withdrawals. 8. Illinois and Minnesota did not vote for Trump in 2016. In 2019, Iowa and Ohio were the other high-level soybean countries that voted for the Democratic nominee (Barack Obama) in 2012, but joined Trump in 2016. Other top 10 states that voted for Trump in 2016 are Nebraska, Indiana, Missouri, Kansas, North Dakota and South Dakota. The Phase 1 agreement requires China to strengthen its intellectual property regime in a number of areas, including illegally manufactured and falsified products and medicines. It also requires China to improve its protection of trade secrets and confidential trade information. China has also agreed on tougher penalties for IP theft to prevent theft.
Nevertheless, the Phase 1 agreement did not resolve Washington`s fundamental differences with Beijing, which depends on massive state intervention in the economy to turn China into a technological powerhouse. Chinese politicians and continental economists are divided over the trade war.    In an August 2019 NPR article, while some leaders of the People`s Republic of China argued for a quick solution to the trade war to save China`s economy, others said the country should retaliate against the United States and avoid an agreement at all costs.  “We need to ensure that this is properly implemented,” Lighthizer said. “This is the first agreement of its kind, and we need to make sure it works.” Globally, foreign direct investment has slowed.  The trade war has damaged the European economy, particularly Germany, although trade relations between Germany and China, as well as between Germany and the United States, remain good.  The Canadian economy is also having a negative impact.  As the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and South Korea have shown “low production” from 2019.  Several Asian governments have put in place stimulus measures to repair the damage caused by the trade war, although economists have said it may not be effective.  The agreement nullifies tariffs that came into effect on 15 December 2019, which would have had an impact on massive imports of Chinese products such as mobile phones, toys and laptops. He also reaffirmed Mr.
Trump`s commitment to the customs union1. September 2019 from 15 percent to 7.5 percent of Chinese products worth $120 billion, including flat-screen TVs, Bluetooth headphones and shoes. However, other tariffs remain. These include 25% U.S. tariffs on $250 billion worth of Chinese products and China`s retaliatory duties on U.S. products worth $110 billion. According to U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, the Phase 2 trade agreement, which was put on the market at the end of the first agreement, removes additional tariffs. A summary of the tariffs instituted by the two countries can be found in the table below. The United States and China have reached a historic and binding agreement on a first-phase trade agreement, which requires structural reforms and other changes to China`s economic and trade regime in the areas of intellectual property, technology transfer, agriculture, financial services, currency and currencies. The Phase One agreement also provides for China to make significant additional purchases of goods and services in the United States in the coming years.
It is important that the agreement creates a robust dispute resolution system that ensures timely and effective implementation and implementation. The United States has agreed to substantially amend its customs measures in accordance with Section 301. Soybeans are a good example of the opposite reaction to the